Health sciences educator’s simulation debriefing practice needs: A mixed methods study

J Educ Health Promot. 2023 Feb 28;12:55. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_1011_22. eCollection 2023.


BACKGROUND: Simulation debriefing influences learning from healthcare simulation activities. Health sciences educators must be competent in conducting simulation debriefing for healthcare students. A structured faculty development intervention for health sciences educators must be informed by educator needs to enhance its utility. This paper describes the needs of health sciences educators regarding simulation debriefing at a faculty of health sciences.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A parallel convergent mixed methods study design was applied on a selected population of 30 health sciences educators at the University (x) who integrate immersive simulation for first- to final-year students in their undergraduate programs. The Objective Structured Assessment of Debriefing tool underpinned observations which informed the quantitative strand of the study, while semi-structured interviews were conducted as part of the qualitative strand. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were used to analyze the data.

RESULTS: Health sciences educators struggled to establish the learning environment for simulation (median 1), facilitate learning (median 3), and evaluate their debriefing activities. However, they were able to apply an appropriate approach toward simulation (median 4). They identified the need to be educated on the fundamentals of simulation-based education.

CONCLUSION: A continuing professional development program must be developed aimed at transforming approaches toward facilitating learning, explaining the fundamentals of simulation-based education, modeling of best-practices related to debriefing, and applying appropriate strategies for evaluating debriefing activities.

PMID:37113413 | PMC:PMC10127471 | DOI:10.4103/jehp.jehp_1011_22


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