Highly efficient green up-conversion emission from fluoroindate glass nanoparticles functionalized with a biocompatible polymer

RSC Adv. 2022 Jul 11;12(31):20074-20079. doi: 10.1039/d2ra03171j. eCollection 2022 Jul 6.

ABSTRACT

Up-conversion nanoparticles have garnered lots of attention due to their ability to transform low energy light (near-infrared) into high-energy (visible) light, enabling their potential use as remote visible light nano-transducers. However, their low efficiency restricts their full potential. To overcome this disadvantage, fluoroindate glasses (InF3) doped at different molar concentrations of Yb3+ and Er3+ were obtained using the melting-quenching technique, reaching the highest green emission at 1.4Yb and 1.75Er (mol%), which corresponds to the 4S3/2 → 4I15/2 (540-552 nm) transition. The particles possess the amorphous nature of the glass and have a high thermostability, as corroborated by thermogravimetric assay. Furthermore, the spectral decay curve analysis showed efficient energy transfer as the rare-earth ions varied. This was corroborated with the absolute quantum yield (QY) obtained (85%) upon excitation at 385 nm with QYEr = 17% and QYYb = 68%. Additionally, InF3-1.4Yb-1.75Er was milled and functionalized using poly(ethylene glycol) to impart biocompatibility, which is essential for biomedical applications. Such functionalization was verified using FTIR, TG/DSC, and XRD.

PMID:35919588 | PMC:PMC9272469 | DOI:10.1039/d2ra03171j

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