Human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype prevalence and impact of COVID-19 on the HPV prevention program in Duhok city

Dialogues Health. 2022 Dec;1:100055. doi: 10.1016/j.dialog.2022.100055. Epub 2022 Oct 3.


INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted virus that can cause cervical cancer. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of HPV infection, the prevalent HPV genotypes in women and men with recurrent genital infections, and the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the HPV prevention program.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Duhok city, in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, between January 2018 and September 2020. We recruited patients from an infectious disease clinic, who were married, were older than 18 years, and agreed to participate in this study. A reverse hybridisation-based assay was used to identify the HPV genotypes prevalent in these patients.

RESULTS: Among the patients in the study, 20.9% (67/320) tested positive for HPV infection. The HPV prevalence in females was 18.8% (52/276), which was lower than that in males (34.1%,15/44) (p = 0.21). Thirty-six patients (11.3%) were infected with a single HPV genotype, seventeen (5.3%) with two HPV genotypes, eight (2.5%) with three HPV genotypes, and the remaining six (1.8%) with four or more HPV genotypes. The most common genotypes detected among the patients were HPV-6 (7.2%), -11 (3.8%), and -16 (3.4%). The prevalence of all HPV genotype infections was highest and lowest in the 18-25- and 36-45-year age groups, respectively (X 2 = 8.24; p = 0.041). The number of referred patients substantially reduced from 12 patients per month to 1 patient per month during the COVID-19 pandemic.

CONCLUSION: HPV infection was common in the study population. The most common genotypes were HPV 6, 11, and 16, against which vaccines are available. Further population-based studies are needed to investigate the prevalence of such an infection.

PMID:36785625 | PMC:PMC9527184 | DOI:10.1016/j.dialog.2022.100055


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