Hyaluronic acid-coated gold nanoparticles as a controlled drug delivery system for poorly water-soluble drugs

RSC Adv. 2023 Feb 14;13(8):5529-5537. doi: 10.1039/d2ra07276a. eCollection 2023 Feb 6.


Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a natural linear polysaccharide which has been widely used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals including drug delivery systems because of its excellent biocompatibility. In this study, we investigated the one-pot synthesis of HA-coated gold nanoparticles (AuNP-HA) as a drug delivery carrier. The HAs with different molecular weights were produced by e-beam irradiation and employed as coating materials for AuNPs. Sulfasalazine (SSZ), a poorly water-soluble drug, was used to demonstrate the efficiency of drug delivery and the controlled release behaviour of the AuNP-HA. As the molecular weight of the HA decreased, the drug encapsulation efficiency of the SSZ increased up to 94%, while drug loading capacity of the SSZ was maintained at the level of about 70%. The prepared AuNP-HA-SSZ exhibited slow release of the SSZ over a short time and excellent sensitivity to different pHs and physiological conditions. The SSZ release rate was the lowest in simulated gastric conditions and the highest in simulated intestinal conditions. In this case, the AuNP-HA protects the SSZ from release under the acidic pH conditions in the stomach; on the other hand, the drug release was facilitated in the basic environment of the small intestine and colon. The SSZ was released under simulated intestinal conditions through anomalous drug transport and followed the Korsmeyer-Peppas model. Therefore, this study suggests that AuNP-HA is a promising orally-administered and intestine-targeted drug delivery system with controlled release characteristics.

PMID:36798609 | PMC:PMC9926166 | DOI:10.1039/d2ra07276a


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