Influence of Y3+ and La3+ ions on the structural, magnetic, electrical, and optical properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles

Heliyon. 2023 Jan 24;9(2):e13019. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13019. eCollection 2023 Feb.


In the current study, nanocrystalline CoY0.5xLa0.5xFe2-xO4 (where x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08, and 0.10) ferrites have been synthesized via a sol-gel auto combustion process. The synthesized powders were pressed into pellet forms and sintered at 900 °C for 4 h in the air. X-ray diffractometry (XRD) confirmed the single-phase cubic spinel structure of the synthesized samples having the mean crystallite domain sizes ranging from 122 and 54 nm. FTIR spectroscopic analyses revealed two strong bands within the range of 600 to 350 cm-1, further confirming the cubic inverse spinel structure of the prepared materials. The surface morphologies and composition were investigated by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) Spectroscopy. The magnetic hysteresis curves recorded at room temperature exhibit ferrimagnetic behavior. The highest coercivity (Hc∼1276 Oe) was found at a high doping (x = 0.10) concentration of Y3+ and La3+ in cobalt ferrite. Dielectric constant increase with increased doping concentration whereas real-impedance and dielectric loss decrease with increased in doping concentration and applied frequency. The band gap energy increased from 1.48 to 1.53 eV with increasing Y3+ and La3+concentrations in the UV-Vis region. The elevated levels of magnetic and dielectric substances in the ferrite nanoparticles suggest that the material could be used for magnetic recording media and high-frequency devices.

PMID:36747563 | PMC:PMC9898293 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13019


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