Insight Into Solventless Production of Hydrophobically Modified Ethoxylated Urethanes (HEURs): The Role of Moisture Concentration, Reaction Temperature, and Mixing Efficiency

ACS Omega. 2022 Oct 7;7(41):36567-36578. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c04530. eCollection 2022 Oct 18.


In this work, we report for the first time on the influence of the quality of reactants and reaction conditions on the production of hydrophobically modified ethoxylated urethanes (HEURs) and selected prepolymers without the use of solvents. We show that the polyol water concentration is detrimental to the progress of the main urethane forming reaction, confirming the necessity of carefully drying the reactants below 1000 ppm to suppress the consumption of diisocyanate toward urea during HEUR synthesis. Increasing the mixing speed (≈30 to 750 rpm), reaction temperature (80-110 °C), and catalyst concentration (0.035-2.1 wt % bismuth carboxylate) can significantly increase the rate of molecular weight buildup, but their effect decreases with time as the bulk viscosity increases and mixing limitations eventually take over, leading to the Weissenberg effect and chain growth termination. Consequently, for the selected formulation, the maximum product molecular weight attained lies in the range of ≈20 000-22 000 g/mol, irrespective of the specific process conditions applied.

PMID:36278096 | PMC:PMC9583080 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.2c04530


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