Intraosseous Injection of Calcium Phosphate Polymer-Induced Liquid Precursor Increases Bone Density and Improves Early Implant Osseointegration in Ovariectomized Rats

Int J Nanomedicine. 2021 Sep 10;16:6217-6229. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S321882. eCollection 2021.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Osteoporosis, due to bone loss and structural deterioration, is a risk factor for dental implant failure, as it impedes initial stability and osseointegration. We aim to assess the effects of calcium phosphate polymer-induced liquid precursor (CaP-PILP) treatment, which significantly increases bone density and improves early implant osseointegration in ovariectomized rats.

METHODS: In this study, CaP-PILP was synthesized and characterized through TEM, FTIR and XRD. A rat model of osteoporosis was generated by ovariectomy. CaP-PILP or hydroxyapatite (HAP, negative control) was injected into the tibia, and the resulting changes in bone quality were determined. Further, implants were installed in the treated tibias, and implantation characteristics were assessed after 4 weeks.

RESULTS: The CaP-PILP group had superior bone repair. Importantly, CaP-PILP had excellent properties, similar to those of normal bone, in terms of implant osseointegration. In vivo experiment displayed that CaP-PILP group had better bone contact rate (65.97±3.176) than HAP and OVX groups. Meanwhile, a mound of mature and continuous new bone formed. Moreover, the values of BIC and BA showed no significant difference between the CaP-PILP group and the sham group.

CONCLUSION: In summary, CaP-PILP is a promising material for application in poor-quality bones to improve implant success rates in patients with osteoporosis. This research provides new perspectives on the application of nano-apatite materials in bone repair.

PMID:34531654 | PMC:PMC8439716 | DOI:10.2147/IJN.S321882

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