Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2022 Aug 19;10:943695. doi: 10.3389/fbioe.2022.943695. eCollection 2022.
Wound infection and excessive exudate can affect the process of wound healing. However, the disadvantage of the anti-microbial wound dressings is that the biological fluids are ineffectively removed. Inspired by making “Chinese Jianbing”, a composite wound nano-dressing was developed consisting of a hydrophilic outer layer (chitosan&polyvinyl alcohol: CTS-PVA) and a hydrophobic inner layer (propolis&polycaprolactone: PRO-PCL) by combining casting and electrospinning methods for effective antibacterial and unidirectional removing excess biofluids. In vitro, the composite wound nano-dressing of PRO-PCL and CTS-PVA (PPCP) could strongly inhibit Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Furthermore, PPCP wound dressing had excellent antioxidant properties and blood coagulation index for effective hemostatic. Importantly, it had a preferable water absorption for removing excess biofluid. In vivo, it had anti-inflammatory properties and promoted collagen Ⅰ preparation, which realized 80% wound healing on day 7. In short, the PPCP wound dressing provides a new direction and option for antibacterial and removes excess biofluid.