Sci Rep. 2023 Aug 29;13(1):14148. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-41279-y.
Photocatalytic degradation is a promising method for removing persistent organic pollutants from water because of its low cost (see solar-driven photocatalysis), high mineralisation of pollutants, and low environmental impact. Photocatalysts based on transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have recently attracting high scientific interest due to their unique electrical, mechanical, and optical properties. A MoS2 photocatalyst of the layered structure was managed to photodegrade methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. The catalyst was thoroughly characterised using SEM, AFM, powder XRD, UV-Vis, Raman, and XPS measurements. The photocatalytic degradation of the MB solution was conducted under the following conditions: (i) reductive and (ii) oxidative. The impact of optical and electronic properties, and the MoS2-MB interaction on photocatalytic activity, was discussed. The apparent rate constants (kapp) of degradation were 3.7 × 10-3; 7.7 × 10-3; 81.7 × 10-3 min-1 for photolysis, oxidative photocatalysis, and reductive photocatalysis. Comparison of the degradation efficiency of MB in reductive and oxidative processes indicates the important role of the reaction with the surface electron. In the oxidation process, oxygen reacts with an electron to form a superoxide anion radical involved in further transformations of the dye, whereas, in the reduction process, the addition of an electron destabilises the chromophore ring and leads to its rupture.