Lipid production from lignocellulosic biomass using an engineered Yarrowia lipolytica strain

Microb Cell Fact. 2022 Oct 28;21(1):226. doi: 10.1186/s12934-022-01951-w.


BACKGROUND: The utilization of industrial wastes as feedstock in microbial-based processes is a one of the high-potential approach for the development of sustainable, environmentally beneficial and valuable bioproduction, inter alia, lipids. Rye straw hydrolysate, a possible renewable carbon source for bioconversion, contains a large amount of xylose, inaccessible to the wild-type Yarrowia lipolytica strains. Although these oleaginous yeasts possesses all crucial genes for xylose utilization, it is necessary to induce their metabolic pathway for efficient growth on xylose and mixed sugars from agricultural wastes. Either way, biotechnological production of single cell oils (SCO) from lignocellulosic hydrolysate requires yeast genome modification or adaptation to a suboptimal environment.

RESULTS: The presented Y. lipolytica strain was developed using minimal genome modification-overexpression of endogenous xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) and xylulose kinase (XK) genes was sufficient to allow yeast to grow on xylose as a sole carbon source. Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGA1) expression remained stable and provided lipid overproduction. Obtained an engineered Y. lipolytica strain produced 5.51 g/L biomass and 2.19 g/L lipids from nitrogen-supplemented rye straw hydrolysate, which represents an increase of 64% and an almost 10 times higher level, respectively, compared to the wild type (WT) strain. Glucose and xylose were depleted after 120 h of fermentation. No increase in byproducts such as xylitol was observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Xylose-rich rye straw hydrolysate was exploited efficiently for the benefit of production of lipids. This study indicates that it is possible to fine-tune a newly strain with as minimally genetic changes as possible by adjusting to an unfavorable environment, thus limiting multi-level genome modification. It is documented here the use of Y. lipolytica as a microbial cell factory for lipid synthesis from rye straw hydrolysate as a low-cost feedstock.

PMID:36307797 | DOI:10.1186/s12934-022-01951-w


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