Long-term outcomes of ultrasound guided high intensity focused ultrasound ablation for patients with uterine fibroids classified by T2WI: a multicenter retrospective study

Int J Hyperthermia. 2023;40(1):2212887. doi: 10.1080/02656736.2023.2212887.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU) ablation of uterine fibroids classified by T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T2WI-MRI).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 1427 premenopausal women with symptomatic uterine fibroids who underwent USgHIFU at four teaching hospitals in China were analyzed retrospectively. The uterine fibroids were classified based on their T2WI-MRI signal intensities relative to that of skeletal muscle, myometrium and endometrium as: hypointense, isointense, heterogeneous hyperintense fibroids (HHF), slightly HHF (sHHF) and markedly HHF (mHHF), respectively. The rates of symptom relief and reintervention post-USgHIFU ablation were compared between the classified groups.

RESULTS: A total of 1303 patients were followed up for 44 (40, 49) months. The symptom relief rate of the hypointense and isointense fibroids was 83.3% and 79.5%, respectively, which were significantly higher (p < .05) compared to that of HHF, sHHF and mHHF (58.3%, 44.2% and 60.4%), respectively. sHHF had the lowest symptom relief rate (p < .05). The cumulative reintervention rate for hypointense, isointense, HHF, sHHF and mHHF types were 8.8%, 10.8%, 21.4%, 39.9% and 19.8%, respectively. The reintervention rate of hypointense/isointense fibroids was significantly lower than that of HHF/mHHF/sHHF (p < .01), while sHHF had the highest re-intervention rate (p < .01). Thus, reintervention rate is inversely correlated to the rate of symptom relief.

CONCLUSIONS: USgHIFU ablation is effective for hypointense, isointense, HHF and mHHF with acceptable long-term follow-up outcomes. However, sHHF is associated with a higher reintervention rate.

PMID:37202174 | DOI:10.1080/02656736.2023.2212887


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