Lung and diaphragm ultrasound in noninvasive respiratory support: A real tool or fashion?

Tuberk Toraks. 2023 Mar;71(1):7-12. doi: 10.5578/tt.20239902.


INTRODUCTION: Over the past few years, there has been an increase in lung and diaphragm ultrasound applications as a tool to evaluate the outcomes and settings of noninvasive respiratory supports. However, actual clinical practices in this field are yet to be known. The aim of this study was to investigate the current clinical utilization of ultrasound for noninvasive respiratory supports on an international level.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study employed an online survey consisting of 32 items, which was sent via email to intensivists, pulmonologists, emergency medicine physicians, and other specialists with expertise in using ultrasound and/or noninvasive respiratory supports.

RESULT: We collected 52 questionnaires. The ultrasound study of diaphragm dysfunction was well-known by the majority of respondents (57.7%). Diaphragm performance was used as a weaning failure predictor (48.5%), as a predictor of noninvasive ventilation failure (38.5%) and as a tool for the ventilator settings adjustment (30.8%). In patients with acute respiratory failure, 48.1% used ultrasound to assess the damaged lung area to set up ventilatory parameters, 34.6% to monitor it after noninvasive ventilation application, and 32.7% to match it with the ventilatory settings for adjustment purposes. When administering high flow nasal cannula – oxygen therapy, 42.3% of participants used ultrasound to evaluate lung involvement and assess flow parameters.

CONCLUSIONS: Lung and diaphragm ultrasound is an established clinical practice to evaluate noninvasive respiratory supports outcomes and settings. Further studies are needed to evaluate the educational aspects to increase confidence and indications for its use.

PMID:36912404 | DOI:10.5578/tt.20239902


Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Generated by Feedzy