Macronutrient omission influences morphological parameters, growth, and yield in Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft

Heliyon. 2023 Jan 20;9(2):e13062. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13062. eCollection 2023 Feb.


Mineral nutrition in arracacha is a critical production factor that conditions harvest yield. Few studies have been developed in nutrition and physiology, this does not allow to the design of ideal fertilization programs; consequences are increased production costs, soil degradation, and low-quality storage roots. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the symptoms associated with macronutrient deficiency in arracacha plants and its effect on morphological parameters, the accumulation of fresh and dry biomass, and the distribution of dry matter in the different organs. Under greenhouse conditions, the experiment was conducted in Cajamarca, Tolima, Colombia. A completely randomized design was implemented, with seven treatments and six replicates (6 solutions lacking N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S and Hoagland complete solution). Forty-two seedlings were transplanted, to which the complete solution was applied for 75 days, increasing the concentrations from 0.25 M to 1 M, and then nutritional deficiencies were induced. Deficiencies caused by macronutrients in arracacha plants exhibited visual symptoms and changes in their morphology. The omission of N, Ca, and S generated the most severe symptoms, drastically affecting plant height, leaf width, number of leaves, and plant mass accumulation. In the case of P, leaves became small and intense green with a violet margin. The Mg and K generated leaves with interveinal and margin chlorosis. Plants with the omission of macronutrients allocated dry mass in the following order: stem, storage roots, propagules, and leaves.

PMID:36785829 | PMC:PMC9918744 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13062


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