Matching intraoperative teaching and learning for medical undergraduates via modified briefing-intraoperative teaching-debriefing (BID) model

Sci Rep. 2023 Aug 23;13(1):13732. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-40755-9.


Intraoperative teaching is a challenging task. The briefing-intraoperative teaching-debriefing (BID) model, which is based on guided discovery learning at limited time intervals, has rarely been investigated. This study validated the benefits of the modified BID model on medical clerks. This study involved 37 first-year medical clerks enrolled from September 2019 to May 2020. Every learner scrubbed in one the totally implantable venous access device placement surgery and completed a pre-/posttest survey on surgical procedures and associated anatomy conducted through an intraoperative teaching questionnaire. Of these participants, 15 merely observed throughout the entire procedure (observation group), whereas the remaining 22 performed simple suturing under supervision (suturing group). All participants underwent an objective structured assessment of simple interrupted suturing skills at the end of the observership. Correlations were tested using a two-tailed paired t-test, with a p-value < 0.05 indicating statistical significance. The response rate was 100% and participants could reconfirm the precise venous access, catheter tip location, and suture materials for portal fixation after totally implantable venous access device placement (p < 0.05). Although a relatively higher satisfaction of the intraoperative teaching environment and educator attitude was reported in the suturing group than in the observation group, the difference in scores on the objective structured assessment was not statistically significant (8.7 ± 1.8 vs. 7.2 ± 3.7; p = 0.104). Our findings indicate that the modified BID model with hands-on experience is a practicable module for matching intraoperative teaching and learning via learning perception enhancement for medical undergraduates during totally implantable venous access device placement.

PMID:37612418 | PMC:PMC10447542 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-40755-9


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