Material Design of Bimetallic Catalysts on Nanofibers for Highly Efficient Catalytic Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol

ACS Omega. 2023 May 4;8(19):17234-17244. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.3c01285. eCollection 2023 May 16.


In this study, CuO-TiO2 nanofiber catalysts were fabricated by an electrospinning process, followed by thermal annealing at various temperatures ranging from 300 to 700 °C. The phase transformation from CuO to metallic Cu was carried out through immersion treatment in NaBH4 solution. The resulting CuO-TiO2 and Cu-CuO-TiO2 nanofibrous mats were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The results revealed that the crystalline phase composition of the nanofibrous mats considerably affected the efficiency of photocatalytic reduction, where the CuO-TiO2 catalysts with a predominant anatase content was found to be more photoactive than the rutile phase. Similarly, the presence of both Cu and CuO species was more beneficial for promoting the activity of fibers by acting as an interim location for facilitating the electron transfer. The fabricated Cu-CuO-TiO2 nanofibrous mat with a ratio presented high conversion (∼99%) within several minutes with the apparent pseudo-first-order rate constant of 0.42 and 0.50 min-1 in the absence and presence of UV light irradiation as well as excellent stability in recycling runs with a stable conversion efficiency of 97% or higher over five successive catalytic cycles.

PMID:37214712 | PMC:PMC10193419 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.3c01285


Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Generated by Feedzy