Nat Commun. 2023 May 9;14(1):2664. doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-37776-3.
Single atoms of platinum group metals on CeO2 represent a potential approach to lower precious metal requirements for automobile exhaust treatment catalysts. Here we show the dynamic evolution of two types of single-atom Pt (Pt1) on CeO2, i.e., adsorbed Pt1 in Pt/CeO2 and square planar Pt1 in PtATCeO2, fabricated at 500 °C and by atom-trapping method at 800 °C, respectively. Adsorbed Pt1 in Pt/CeO2 is mobile with the in situ formation of few-atom Pt clusters during CO oxidation, contributing to high reactivity with near-zero reaction order in CO. In contrast, square planar Pt1 in PtATCeO2 is strongly anchored to the support during CO oxidation leading to relatively low reactivity with a positive reaction order in CO. Reduction of both Pt/CeO2 and PtATCeO2 in CO transforms Pt1 to Pt nanoparticles. However, both catalysts retain the memory of their initial Pt1 state after reoxidative treatments, which illustrates the importance of the initial single-atom structure in practical applications.
PMID:37160890 | PMC:PMC10169862 | DOI:10.1038/s41467-023-37776-3