Metal ions doping effect on the physicochemical, antimicrobial, and wound healing profiles of alginate-based composite

Carbohydr Polym. 2023 Mar 15;304:120486. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.120486. Epub 2022 Dec 22.

ABSTRACT

The alginate (Alg) matrix with immobilized hydroxyapatite (HAp) and zinc oxide (ZnO), cross-linked by chitosan (CS) and metal ions (Men+) Ca2+, Zn2+, and Cu2+ was created as a wound dressing. The effect of Men+ and their concentrations on water vapor transition, fluid handling, dehydration, drug release, and healing are shown. Me-containing samples have a lower sorption capacity, than a commercial Kaltostat, however, a much lower degree of their dehydration provides a longer wound wet. The Men+ presence lowers the environmental pH to slightly acidic values promoting healing. Ca2+, Zn2+, and Cu2+ in complexes with CS increase antimicrobial effect against E. coli and S. aureus, slow down the Anaesthesine release, making it compatible with Fickian diffusion in the Zn2+ and Cu2+ presence, and non-Fickian transport under Ca2+ influence. The material promotes the proliferation of the fibroblasts, an increase of collagen fibres, and new arterial and venous capillaries, indicating the intensity of the healing process.

PMID:36641185 | DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.120486

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