ChemistryOpen. 2023 Sep;12(9):e202300112. doi: 10.1002/open.202300112.
Methane decomposition is a promising route to synthesize COx -free hydrogen and carbon nanomaterials (CNMs ). In this work, the impregnation method was employed for the preparation of the catalysts. Systematic investigations on the activity and stability of Fe-based catalysts were carried out in a packed-bed micro-activity reactor at 800 °C with a feed gas flow rate of 18 mL/min. The effect of doping Y2 O3 , MgO, SiO2 and TiO2 over ZrO2 on the catalytic performance was also studied. BET revealed that the specific surface areas and pore volumes are increased after SiO2 , TiO2 , and Y2 O3 are added to ZrO2 while MgO had a negative impact and hence a little decrease in specific surface area is observed. The catalytic activity results showed that the Fe-based catalyst supported over TiO2 -doped ZrO2 that is, Fe-TiZr, demonstrated the highest activity and stability, with a maximum methane conversion of 81.3 % during 180 min time-on-stream. At 800 °C, a maximum initial methane conversion of 73 %, 38 %, 64 %, and 69 % and a final carbon yield of 121 wt. %, 55 wt. %, 354 wt. %, and 174 wt. % was achieved using Fe-MgZr, Fe-SiZr, Fe-TiZr and Fe-YZr catalysts, respectively. Moreover, bulk deposition of uniform carbon nanotubes with a high degree of graphitization and different diameters was observed over the catalysts.