Methanol and Ethanol Electrooxidation on ZrO2/NiO/rGO

Nanomaterials (Basel). 2023 Feb 9;13(4):679. doi: 10.3390/nano13040679.


Recently, transition metal oxides have been considered for various applications due to their unique properties. We present the synthesis of a three-component catalyst consisting of zirconium oxide (ZrO2), nickel oxide (NiO), and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) in the form of ZrO2/NiO/rGO by a simple one-step hydrothermal method. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and bright-field transmission electron microscopy (BF-TEM) analyses were performed to accurately characterize the catalysts. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) analyses were also carried out to investigate the methanol and ethanol alcohol electrooxidation ability of the synthesized nanocatalysts. Inspired by the good potential of metal oxides in the field of catalysts, especially in fuel-cell anodes, we investigated the capability of this catalyst in the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) and ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR). After proving the successful synthesis and examining the surface morphology of these materials, detailed electrochemical tests were performed to show the outstanding capability of this new nanocatalyst for use in the anode of alcohol fuel cells. ZrO2/NiO/rGO indicated a current density of 26.6 mA/cm2 at a peak potential of 0.52 V and 99.5% cyclic stability in the MOR and a current density of 17.3 mA/cm2 at a peak potential of 0.52 V and 98.5% cyclic stability in the EOR (at optimal concentration/scan rate 20 mV/s), representing an attractive option for use in the anode of alcoholic fuel cells.

PMID:36839047 | PMC:PMC9964513 | DOI:10.3390/nano13040679


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