Microgel assembly: Fabrication, characteristics and application in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine

Bioact Mater. 2021 Jul 23;9:105-119. doi: 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2021.07.020. eCollection 2022 Mar.

ABSTRACT

Microgel assembly, a macroscopic aggregate formed by bottom-up assembly of microgels, is now emerging as prospective biomaterials for applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TERM). This mini-review first summarizes the fabrication strategies available for microgel assembly, including chemical reaction, physical reaction, cell-cell interaction and external driving force, then highlights its unique characteristics, such as microporosity, injectability and heterogeneity, and finally itemizes its applications in the fields of cell culture, tissue regeneration and biofabrication, especially 3D printing. The problems to be addressed for further applications of microgel assembly are also discussed.

PMID:34820559 | PMC:PMC8586262 | DOI:10.1016/j.bioactmat.2021.07.020

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