MIL-53 Metal-Organic Framework as a Flexible Cathode for Lithium-Oxygen Batteries

Materials (Basel). 2021 Aug 17;14(16):4618. doi: 10.3390/ma14164618.

ABSTRACT

Li-air batteries possess higher specific energies than the current Li-ion batteries. Major drawbacks of the air cathode include the sluggish kinetics of the oxygen reduction (OER), high overpotentials and pore clogging during discharge processes. Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) appear as promising materials because of their high surface areas, tailorable pore sizes and catalytic centers. In this work, we propose to use, for the first time, aluminum terephthalate (well known as MIL-53) as a flexible air cathode for Li-O2 batteries. This compound was synthetized through hydrothermal and microwave-assisted routes, leading to different particle sizes with different aspect ratios. The electrochemical properties of both materials seem to be equivalent. Several behaviors are observed depending on the initial value of the first discharge capacity. When the first discharge capacity is higher, no OER occurs, leading to a fast decrease in the capacity during cycling. The nature and the morphology of the discharge products are investigated using ex situ analysis (XRD, SEM and XPS). For both MIL-53 materials, lithium peroxide Li2O2 is found as the main discharge product. A morphological evolution of the Li2O2 particles occurs upon cycling (stacked thin plates, toroids or pseudo-spheres).

PMID:34443140 | PMC:PMC8399480 | DOI:10.3390/ma14164618

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