Sensors (Basel). 2022 Oct 17;22(20):7897. doi: 10.3390/s22207897.
This study proposes an analytical model of a WPT system with three orthogonal transmitter coils organised to produce a concentrated and controlled omnidirectional magnetic field suited for charging a moving, rotating load, providing maximal energy transfer without receiving end feedback. In order to create a realistic 3D WPT simulation system and a precise controller design, the mutual coupling values in terms of the receiver angular positions are modelled using the Ansys software. In using the established model of the 3DWPT system, an extremum seeking control (ESC) is used to maximize the power transfer utilizing the input power as an objective function assigned with specified parametric values defining the WPT model. The output power transmitted by the sending-end coils to a load of a moving UAV rotating in orbit is displayed. According to simulation results, when the receiver UAV speed is close to 2250 deg/s, the controller can accomplish a maximum power transfer of 2.6w in almost 1ms.