Molecular testing devices for on-site detection of E. coli in water samples

Sci Rep. 2023 Mar 14;13(1):4245. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-31208-4.


Escherichia coli (E. coli) cells are present in fecal materials that can be the main source for disease-causing agents in water. As a result, E. coli is recommended as a water quality indicator. We have developed an innovative platform to detect E. coli for monitoring water quality on-site by integrating paper-based sample preparation with nucleic acid isothermal amplification. The platform carries out bacterial lysis and DNA enrichment onto a paper pad through ball-based valves for fluid control, with no need of laboratory equipment, followed by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) in a battery-operated coffee mug, and colorimetric detection. We have used the platform to detect E. coli in environmental water samples in about 1 h, with a limit of quantitation of 0.2 CFU/mL, and 3 copies per reaction. The platform was confirmed for detecting multiple E. coli strains, and for water samples of different salt concentrations. We validated the functions of the platform by analyzing recreational water samples collected near the Atlantic Ocean that contain different concentrations of salt and bacteria.

PMID:36918634 | PMC:PMC10013241 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-31208-4


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