Multi-activity cobalt ferrite/MXene nanoenzymes for drug-free phototherapy in bacterial infection treatment

RSC Adv. 2022 Apr 8;12(18):11090-11099. doi: 10.1039/d2ra01133f. eCollection 2022 Apr 7.

ABSTRACT

Drug-free antibacterial strategies are of great significance for pathogenic bacterial infection treatment in clinical practice. Phototherapy with antibacterial function plays a vital role in mainstream germicidal research. However, phototherapy could lead to residual heat and excess reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are the main side-effects during antibacterial treatment. Unique CoFe2O4/MXene (CM) nanoenzymes, which were fabricated with electrostatic interactions, have been designed to conquer those challenges caused by side-effects of phototherapy in our research. The CM nanoenzymes possess many promising properties including photothermal and photodynamic induced phototherapy and mimic peroxidase (POD), glutathione oxidase (GSHOx), and catalase (CAT). Upon treatment with near-infrared (NIR) light, CM nanoenzymes can create a local high-temperature circumstance as well as raise bacterial membrane permeability. Furthermore, the photodynamic process and multi-enzyme-mimicking activities of CM enzymes boost the interbacterial ROS level. Herein, bacteria can hardly survive in synergistic phototherapy and multi-enzyme-mimicking catalytic therapy in vitro and in vivo. Meanwhile, the CM nanoenzymes exhibit excellent biocompatibility in vitro and in vivo. Overall, this research establishes a strong foundation for effectively employing nanoenzymes, leading to a new way to cure bacterial infections.

PMID:35425054 | PMC:PMC8992228 | DOI:10.1039/d2ra01133f

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