Blood Transfus. 2023 Mar 3. doi: 10.2450/BloodTransfus.492. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Most public cord blood (CB) banks currently discard more than 80% of umbilical CB units not suitable for hemopoietic stem cell transplant due to low stem cell count. Although CB platelets, plasma, and red blood cells have been used for experimental allogeneic applications in wound healing, corneal ulcer treatment, and neonatal transfusion, no standard procedures for their preparation have been defined internationally.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A network of 12 public CB banks in Spain, Italy, Greece, the UK, and Singapore developed a protocol to validate a procedure for the routine production of CB platelet concentrate (CB-PC), CB platelet-poor plasma (CB-PPP), and CB leukoreduced red blood cells (CB-LR-RBC) using locally available equipment and the commercial BioNest ABC and EF medical devices. CB units with >50 mL volume (excluding anticoagulant) and ≥150×109/L platelets were double centrifuged to obtain CB-PC, CB-PPP, and CB-RBC. The CB-RBC were diluted with saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol (SAGM), leukoreduced by filtration, stored at 2-6°C, and tested for hemolysis and potassium (K+) release over 15 days, with gamma irradiation performed on day 14. A set of acceptance criteria was pre-defined. This was for CB-PC: volume ≥5 mL and platelet count 800-1,200×109/L; for CB-PPP: platelet count <50×109/L; and for CB-LR-RBC: volume ≥20 mL, hematocrit 55-65%, residual leukocytes <0.2×106/unit, and hemolysis ≤0.8%.
RESULTS: Eight CB banks completed the validation exercise. Compliance with acceptance criteria was 99% for minimum volume and 86.1% for platelet count in CB-PC, and 90% for platelet count in CB-PPP. Compliance in CB-LR-RBC was 85.7% for minimum volume, 98.9% for residual leukocytes, and 90% for hematocrit. Compliance for hemolysis ≤0.8% decreased from 89.0 to 63.2% from day 0 to 15. K+ release increased from 3.0±1.8 to 25.0±7.0 mmol/L from day 0 to 15, respectively.
DISCUSSION: The MultiCord12 protocol was a useful tool to develop preliminary standardization of CB-PC, CB-PPP, and CB-LR-RBC.
PMID:37146297 | DOI:10.2450/BloodTransfus.492