Front Hum Neurosci. 2023 Aug 10;17:1186594. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2023.1186594. eCollection 2023.
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we classified electroencephalography (EEG) data of imagined speech using signal decomposition and multireceptive convolutional neural network. The imagined speech EEG with five vowels /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/, and /u/, and mute (rest) sounds were obtained from ten study participants.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, two different signal decomposition methods were applied for comparison: noise-assisted multivariate empirical mode decomposition and wavelet packet decomposition. Six statistical features were calculated from the decomposed eight sub-frequency bands EEG. Next, all features obtained from each channel of the trial were vectorized and used as the input vector of classifiers. Lastly, EEG was classified using multireceptive field convolutional neural network and several other classifiers for comparison.
RESULTS: We achieved an average classification rate of 73.09 and up to 80.41% in a multiclass (six classes) setup (Chance: 16.67%). In comparison with various other classifiers, significant improvements for other classifiers were achieved (p-value < 0.05). From the frequency sub-band analysis, high-frequency band regions and the lowest-frequency band region contain more information about imagined vowel EEG data. The misclassification and classification rate of each vowel imaginary EEG was analyzed through a confusion matrix.
DISCUSSION: Imagined speech EEG can be classified successfully using the proposed signal decomposition method and a convolutional neural network. The proposed classification method for imagined speech EEG can contribute to developing a practical imagined speech-based brain-computer interfaces system.