Na ion batteries: An India centric review

Heliyon. 2022 Jul 20;8(8):e10013. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e10013. eCollection 2022 Aug.

ABSTRACT

Developing low-cost and safe energy storage devices is the primary goal of every country to make a carbon-neutral atmosphere by ∼2050. Batteries and supercapacitors are the backbones of future sustainable energy sources for electrical vehicles (EVs), smart electronic devices, electricity supply to off-grid regions, etc. Hence, these battery-dependent devices are substantially gaining the market. Although lithium-ion batteries account for powering most of these devices, lithium availability and price pose a severe problem since lithium resources are not abundant in nature. Thus, alternative research on sodium-ion or other multi-charged cations (Al3+/Mg2+/Ca2+/K+) based energy storage devices is needed to substitute lithium-ion batteries. India and many other countries have sodium in abundance. Sodium also has potential in designing and developing efficient charge storage devices. This review article discusses the status of sodium-ion battery research activities, cost, market analysis, and future strategies of the Indian government or private bodies, industries, and research institutes of India.

PMID:35942281 | PMC:PMC9356040 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e10013

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