Nanostructures for Solar Energy Harvesting

Micromachines (Basel). 2023 Jan 31;14(2):364. doi: 10.3390/mi14020364.


Renewable energy sources are becoming more and more essential to energy production as societies evolve toward a fossil-fuel-free world. Solar energy is one of the most abundant sources of green energy. Nanoantennas can be used to improve and enhance the absorption of light into a photovoltaic cell in order to generate more current. In this study, different nanoantenna structures are analysed in tandem with a silicon solar cell in an effort to improve its output. The nanoantennas studied are metallic aperture nanoantennas made up of either silver, aluminium, gold or copper. The three geometries compared are rectangular, circular and triangular. The maximum field enhancement obtained is for an aluminium rectangular nanoantenna of 50 nm thickness. Despite this, the geometry with more improvements compared with a basic silicon cell was the circle geometry with a 100 nm radius.

PMID:36838063 | PMC:PMC9965189 | DOI:10.3390/mi14020364


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