Natural Baicalein-Rich Fraction as Radiosensitizer in Combination with Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles and Cisplatin for Clinical Radiotherapy

Int J Nanomedicine. 2022 Sep 2;17:3853-3874. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S370478. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chemotherapy has been used in conjunction with radiation therapy to improve the treatment outcomes of cancers. Cisplatin (Cis) is a standard treatment that has been used as a chemotherapeutic drug in medical settings. However, the possibility of complications constrains the treatment due to the exposure of healthy organs to unnecessary radiation and the drugs’ toxicities. As a result, researchers have been looking for non-toxic chemotherapeutic agents which can be used as radiosensitizers, possibly produced from natural derivatives and nano sized materials.

METHODS: BRF, Cis, and BiONPs were irradiated individually and in combinations with 6 MV of photon beam and 6 MeV of electron beams with 0 to 10 Gy radiation doses on MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, and NIH/3T3 cell lines. Then, the experimental sensitization enhancement ratios (SER) of each treatment obtained were compared to the theoretical dose enhancement factor (DEF). The interactions within the BRF-BiONPs (BB) and BRF-Cis-BiONPs (BCB) combinations were also estimated using the Combination Index (CI).

RESULTS: BRF induced radiosensitization in all cells under 6 MV photon beam (SER of 1.06 to 1.35), and MDA-MB-231 cells only under 6 MeV electron beam (SER = 1.20). The highest SER values for BiONPs and Cis were obtained from MCF-7 cells under a 6 MeV electron beam (SER of 1.50 and 2.24, respectively). The theoretical DEFs were generally lower than the experimental SERs. Based on the SER and CI relationships, it was estimated that BB and BCB therapy methods interacted in either a synergistic or additive manner.

CONCLUSION: The BRF is found to induce relatively less radiosensitization effects compared to the BiONPs and Cis. The BB and BCB combinations have shown better effects with potential for becoming competently suitable radiosensitizers in breast cancer therapies.

PMID:36081572 | PMC:PMC9448000 | DOI:10.2147/IJN.S370478

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