New energy power system operation security evaluation based on the SWOT analysis

Sci Rep. 2022 Jul 25;12(1):12680. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-16444-4.

ABSTRACT

Grid-connection of new energy is highly important in promoting the use of clean and renewable energy. However, it will bring huge risks to the power grid operation security, such as frequency stability, voltage stability, small signal stability, and transient stability, etc.,. In the study, SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) analysis has been employed to construct 24 kinds of internal and external evaluation factors and 8 kinds of improvement strategies, for assessing operation security prospective with new energy power system of HM in China. The weights of SWOT factors are determined with the fuzzy-AHP method. Moreover, the fuzzy-MARCOS approach is used to select the most suitable strategies for power system operation security effective implementation. The reported research reveals that new energy in HM area not only has an ample potential for full development and generating electricity, but also brings operation security problems due to large-scale grid connection. Therefore, 8 kinds of improvement strategies are suggested to encourage the government to exploit and develop new resources, improve the investment pay, power generation and transmission technologies to mitigate the current energy crisis, and increase the energy security for sustainable development of the country. The methodology proposed herein is applicable with a case study concerning the operation security prospective of HM power grid, and all phases of the comparative analysis and sensitivity analysis illustrate the validity of MARCOS method. Furthermore, the ranked order of strategies is obtained as A2 > A6 > A5 > A1 > A8 > A7 > A4 > A3. The three most important strategies are A2, A6 and A5, i.e., “improving the technical establishment to encourage efficient and cheap electricity production”, “strive to build local permanent load, and reduce the risk of long-distance and high-capacity transmission”, “taking advantage of government incentives and investment to modify the irrational energy policies and energy planning”, respectively.

PMID:35879325 | PMC:PMC9314428 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-16444-4

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