RSC Adv. 2023 Sep 13;13(39):27434-27445. doi: 10.1039/d3ra05016e. eCollection 2023 Sep 8.
New palladium(0) and palladium(ii) complexes with N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands derived from nitron and its derivatives were synthesized. The structures of most of these complexes were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Among the new complexes, the palladium complex with a monodentate NHC ligand derived from nitron demonstrated the highest efficacy as a catalyst precursor in the Mizoroki-Heck coupling reaction of aryl chlorides with alkenes. Theoretical calculations provide valuable insights into the electronic parameters of both the ligands and the palladium complexes, highlighting the significance of a robust Pd-C bond and the π-accepting property of the NHC ligand in achieving enhanced catalytic activity. Notably, catalyst activation occurred much more rapidly with the preformed palladium(0) complex compared to its palladium(ii) counterpart.