Sci Adv. 2022 Nov 11;8(45):eadd2789. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.add2789. Epub 2022 Nov 9.
The development of human microbiome has collectively correlated the sophisticated interactions between Fusobacterium nucleatum and colorectal cancers (CRCs). However, the treatment of CRC via disruption of gastrointestinal flora remains less explored. Aiming at the up-regulated activity of nitroreductase in F. nucleatum-infected tumors, here, we developed the nitroreductase-instructed supramolecular self-assembly. The designed assembly precursors underwent enzymatic transformation to form assemblies, which agglutinated F. nucleatum and eradicated the targeted bacteria. These assemblies with anti-F. nucleatum activity could further alleviate the bacteria-induced drug resistance effect, thus sensitizing CRC cells against chemo-drugs. Eventually, in mice bearing F. nucleatum-infected CRC, the local introduction of nitroreductase-instructed assemblies could efficiently inhibit the tumor growth. Overall, this study incorporated nitroreductase to broaden the toolbox of enzyme-instructed supramolecular self-assembly. The local introduction of nitroreductase-instructed assemblies could target F. nucleatum to eliminate its contribution to CRC drug resistance and ameliorate chemotherapy outcomes.