Int J Nanomedicine. 2023 May 11;18:2525-2537. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S390384. eCollection 2023.
PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has limited treatment options, and modest survival after systemic chemotherapy or procedures such as transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). There is therefore a need to develop targeted therapies to address HCC. Gene therapies hold immense promise in treating a variety of diseases, including HCC, though delivery remains a critical hurdle. This study investigated a new approach of local delivery of polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) via intra-arterial injection for targeted local gene delivery to HCC tumors in an orthotopic rat liver tumor model.
METHODS: Poly(beta-amino ester) (PBAE) nanoparticles were formulated and assessed for GFP transfection in N1-S1 rat HCC cells in vitro. Optimized PBAE NPs were next administered to rats via intra-arterial injection with and without orthotopic HCC tumors, and both biodistribution and transfection were assessed.
RESULTS: In vitro transfection of PBAE NPs led to >50% transfected cells in adherent and suspension culture at a variety of doses and weight ratios. Administration of NPs via intra-arterial or intravenous injection demonstrated no transfection of healthy liver, while intra-arterial NP injection led to transfection of tumors in an orthotopic rat HCC model.
CONCLUSION: Hepatic artery injection is a promising delivery approach for PBAE NPs and demonstrates increased targeted transfection of HCC tumors compared to intravenous administration, and offers a potential alternative to standard chemotherapies and TACE. This work demonstrates proof of concept for administration of polymeric PBAE nanoparticles via intra-arterial injection for gene delivery in rats.
PMID:37197026 | PMC:PMC10184850 | DOI:10.2147/IJN.S390384