RSC Adv. 2023 May 16;13(22):14943-14957. doi: 10.1039/d3ra02244g. eCollection 2023 May 15.
The global state of antibiotic resistance highlights the necessity for new drugs that can treat a wide range of microbial infections. Drug repurposing has several advantages, including lower costs and improved safety compared to developing a new compound. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the repurposed antimicrobial activity of Brimonidine tartrate (BT), a well-known antiglaucoma drug, and to potentiate its antimicrobial effect by using electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds. BT-loaded nanofibers were fabricated in different drug concentrations (1.5, 3, 6, and 9%) via the electrospinning technique using two biopolymers (PCL and PVP). Then, the prepared nanofibers were characterized by SEM, XRD, FTIR, swelling ratio, and in vitro drug release. Afterward, the antimicrobial activities of the prepared nanofibers were investigated in vitro using different methods against several human pathogens and compared to the free BT. The results showed that all nanofibers were prepared successfully with a smooth surface. The diameters of nanofibers were reduced after loading of BT compared to the unloaded ones. In addition, scaffolds showed controlled-drug release profiles that were maintained for more than 7 days. The in vitro antimicrobial assessments revealed good activities for all scaffolds against most of the investigated human pathogens, particularly the one prepared with 9% BT which showed superiority in the antimicrobial effect over other scaffolds. To conclude, our findings proved the capability of nanofibers in loading BT and improving its repurposed antimicrobial efficacy. Therefore, it could be a promising carrier for BT to be used in combating numerous human pathogens.
PMID:37200698 | PMC:PMC10186146 | DOI:10.1039/d3ra02244g