Novel quinoline/thiazinan-4-one hybrids; design, synthesis, and molecular docking studies as potential anti-bacterial candidates against MRSA

RSC Adv. 2023 May 12;13(21):14631-14640. doi: 10.1039/d3ra01721d. eCollection 2023 May 9.


In an attempt to develop effective and safe antibacterial agents, we synthesized novel thiazinanones by combining the quinolone scaffold and the 1,3-thiazinan-4-one group by reaction between ((4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinolin-3-yl)methylene)hydrazinecarbothioamides and 2,3-diphenylcycloprop-2-enone in refluxing ethanol in the presence of triethyl amine as a catalyst. The structure of the synthesized compounds was characterized by spectral data and elemental analysis, IR, MS, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy which showed two doublet signals for CH-5 and CH-6 and four sharp singlets for the protons of thiazinane NH, CH[double bond, length as m-dash]N, quinolone NH and OH, respectively. Also, the 13C NMR spectrum clearly showed the presence of two quaternary carbon atoms which were assigned to thiazinanone-C-5 and C-6. All the 1,3-thiazinan-4-one/quinolone hybrids were screened for antibacterial activity. Compounds 7a, 7e and 7g showed broad spectrum antibacterial activity against most of the tested strains either G +ve or G -ve. Compound 7e is the most potent antibacterial agent against MRSA with the minimum inhibitory concentration against MRSA found to be 48 μg mL-1 compared to the drug ciprofloxacin (96 μg mL-1). Additionally, a molecular docking study was performed to understand the molecular interaction and binding mode of the compounds on the active site of S. aureus Murb protein. In silico docking assisted data strongly correlated with the experimental approach of antibacterial activity against MRSA.

PMID:37188251 | PMC:PMC10178015 | DOI:10.1039/d3ra01721d


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