RSC Adv. 2022 May 25;12(25):15685-15693. doi: 10.1039/d2ra01675c. eCollection 2022 May 23.
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) draw great concern due to increased demand for urinary catheters in hospitalization. Encrustation caused by urinary pathogens, especially Proteus mirabilis, results in blocking of the catheter lumen and further infections. In this study, a facile and low-cost surface modification strategy of urinary catheters was developed using one-step coordination of tannic acid (TA) and copper ions. The copper content of the coating could be manipulated by the number of TA-Cu (TC) layers, and the coating released copper in a pH-responsive manner. The coating exhibited high antibacterial efficiency (killed >99% of planktonic bacteria, and reduced biofilm coverage to <1% after 24 h) due to the synergistic antimicrobial effect of TA and copper ions. In vivo study with a rabbit model indicated that with two TC layers, the coated catheter could effectively inhibit bacterial growth in urine and colonization on the surface, and reduce encrustation formation. In addition, the TC-coated catheter exhibited better tissue compatibility compared to the unmodified catheter, probably due to the antibacterial performance of the coating. Such a straightforward coating strategy with good in vitro and in vivo antibacterial properties and biocompatibility holds great promise for combating CAUTIs in clinical practice.