Osseous Tissue Engineering in the Management of Mandibular Osteoradionecrosis – An Evaluative Study

Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2023 Jan-Jun;13(1):19-25. doi: 10.4103/ams.ams_164_22. Epub 2023 Mar 27.


INTRODUCTION: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN), a non-infectious, necrotic condition of the bone, occurs as a major complication of radiotherapy to the irradiated site. Simple irrigation of the involved bone to partial or complete resection of the involved bones is being employed in its conventional management. Osseous tissue engineering (OTE) provides a new strategy by regenerating bone cells along with biocompatible scaffolds and micromolecules to produce an engineered osseous tissue.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, mandibular ORN following radiation secondary to oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma was included. OTE with composite engineered tissue containing a mixture of autologous culture expanded dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), autologous uncultured bone marrow aspiration concentrate (BMAC) and autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) loaded in β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) or hydroxyapatite (HA) sponge scaffold was used in the mandibular defect and the surrounding tissues. An assessment of clinical, radiological and functional attributes was done.

RESULTS: A total of six cases with a mean age of 58.6 years were included in the study. We noted significant improvement in the mean post-operative score for pain and mouth opening; functional improvement in eating solid/liquid food, tongue movement, speech and deglutition were observed. The aesthetics was measured with Vancouver score and revealed a significance at P < 0.05; also lip competency and occlusion were noted in all the patients. No major complications were noticed until a mean follow-up of 28 months.

DISCUSSION: Tissue engineering with a regenerative cocktail of autologous culture expanded DPSCs, autologous uncultured BMAC and autologous PRP loaded in HA or β-TCP utilised in the surgical reconstruction of the mandible is an effective treatment modality in the management of mandibular ORN following irradiation.

PMID:37711534 | PMC:PMC10499288 | DOI:10.4103/ams.ams_164_22


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