Osteoclast-mediated acidic hydrolysis of thermally gelled curdlan component of the bone scaffolds: Is it possible?

Carbohydr Polym. 2022 Nov 1;295:119914. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.119914. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

ABSTRACT

Many biomaterials for bone regeneration have recently been produced using thermally gelled curdlan (1,3-β-d-glucan) as a binder for bioceramics. As the human organism does not produce enzymes having the ability to degrade curdlan, it is not clear what is the fate of curdlan gel after its implantation in the bone. To clarify this point, in this research osteoclasts were cultured on the curdlan gel to show its degradation by acidic hydrolysis. The studies clearly demonstrated microstructural (AFM and SEM imaging) and chemical changes (Raman spectroscopy) on the curdlan surface caused by osteoclast culture. Moreover, degradation test in a cell-free system using HCl solution (pH = 4.5), mimicking environment in the resorption lacuna, showed great weight loss of the sample, release of glucose, and chemical changes typical of curdlan degradation. Thus, the presented research for the first time provides a strong evidence of osteoclast-mediated acidic hydrolysis of thermally obtained curdlan gel.

PMID:35988991 | DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.119914

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