Oxide Materials for Thermoelectric Conversion

Molecules. 2023 Aug 5;28(15):5894. doi: 10.3390/molecules28155894.


Thermoelectric technology has emerged as a prominent area of research in the past few decades for harnessing waste heat and improving the efficiency of next-generation renewable energy technologies. There has been rapid progress in the development of high-performance thermoelectric materials, as measured by the dimensionless figure of merit (ZT = S2 · σ · κ-1). Several heavy-metal-based thermoelectric materials with commercial-level performance (ZT = 1) have so far been proposed. However, the extensive application of these materials still faces challenges due to their low thermal/chemical stability, high toxicity, and limited abundance in the Earth’s crust. In contrast, oxide-based thermoelectric materials, such as ZnO, SrTiO3, layered cobalt oxides, etc., have attracted growing interest as they can overcome the limitations of their heavy-metal-based counterparts. In this review, we summarize the recent research progress and introduce improvement strategies in oxide-based thermoelectric materials. This will provide an overview of their development history and design schemes, ultimately aiding in enhancing the overall performance of oxide-based thermoelectric materials.

PMID:37570865 | PMC:PMC10421396 | DOI:10.3390/molecules28155894


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