Sci Rep. 2023 Jan 23;13(1):1272. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-28121-1.
In this paper, a novel catalyst is introduced based on the immobilization of palladium onto magnetic Fucus Vesiculosus extract (Pd@mFuVe catalyst). For the synthesis of Pd@mFuVe catalyst, Fucus Vesiculosus extract is obtained from the plant source, followed by the synthesis of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) onto the extract. The catalyst is characterized by several methods, including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), FT-IR spectroscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), powder X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), and inductively coupled plasma (ICP). The activity of Pd@mFuVe catalyst is studied in the synthesis of N-alkyl-2-(4-methyl-1-oxoisoquinolin-2(1H)-yl)-2-phenylacetamides. The products were synthesized in three steps, the synthesis of 2-iodobenzoic acid from 2-aminobenzoic acid, which participated in a multicomponent reaction with allylamine, aldehydes, and isocyanides, followed by a cyclization reaction, catalyzed by Pd@mFuVe catalyst. The product yields are high and the catalyst showed good reusability after 5 sequential runs. The most significant, Pd@mFuVe catalyst is fabricated from a plant extract source as a green support for the catalyst.