Pebax® 2533/PVDF thin film mixed matrix membranes containing MIL-101 (Fe)/GO composite for CO2 capture

RSC Adv. 2022 Oct 12;12(45):29124-29136. doi: 10.1039/d2ra05095a. eCollection 2022 Oct 11.

ABSTRACT

MIL-101 (Fe) and MIL-GO composites were successfully synthesized and used as fillers for the preparation of Pebax® 2533/PVDF thin film MMMs for CO2/N2 separation. The defect-free Pebax® 2533/PVDF thin film MMMs were fabricated by casting the Pebax solution containing fillers on the PVDF support. The presence of GO nanosheets in the reaction solution did not destroy the crystal structure of MIL-101 (Fe). However, the BET surface area and total pore volume of MIL-GO decreased dramatically, comparing with MIL-101 (Fe). The incorporation of MIL-GO-2 into Pebax matrix simultaneously increased the CO2 permeability and the CO2/N2 ideal selectivity of Pebax® 2533/PVDF thin film MMMs mainly owing to the porous structure of MIL-GO-2, and the tortuous diffusion pathways created by GO nanosheets. MMMs containing 9.1 wt% MIL-GO-2 exhibited the highest CO2 permeability equal to 303 barrer (1 barrer = 10-10 cm3 (STP) cm cm-2 s-1 cmHg-1) and the highest CO2/N2 ideal selectivity equal to 24. Pebax-based MMMs containing composite fillers showed higher gas separation performance than the Pebax-based MMMs containing single filler (GO or MOFs). Therefore, the synthesis and utilization of 3D@2D composite filler demonstrated great potential in the preparation of high-performance MMMs for gas separation processes.

PMID:36320736 | PMC:PMC9555015 | DOI:10.1039/d2ra05095a

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