Phenotypic features of dystrophin gene knockout pigs harboring a human artificial chromosome containing the entire dystrophin gene

Mol Ther Nucleic Acids. 2023 Jul 23;33:444-453. doi: 10.1016/j.omtn.2023.07.021. eCollection 2023 Sep 12.


Mammalian artificial chromosomes have enabled the introduction of extremely large amounts of genetic information into animal cells in an autonomously replicating, nonintegrating format. However, the evaluation of human artificial chromosomes (HACs) as novel tools for curing intractable hereditary disorders has been hindered by the limited efficacy of the delivery system. We generated dystrophin gene knockout (DMD-KO) pigs harboring the HAC bearing the entire human DMD via a somatic cell cloning procedure (DYS-HAC-cloned pig). Restored human dystrophin expression was confirmed by immunofluorescence staining in the skeletal muscle of the DYS-HAC-cloned pigs. Viability at the first month postpartum of the DYS-HAC-cloned pigs, including motor function in the hind leg and serum creatinine kinase level, was improved significantly when compared with that in the original DMD-KO pigs. However, decrease in systemic retention of the DYS-HAC vector and limited production of the DMD protein might have caused severe respiratory impairment with general prostration by 3 months postpartum. The results demonstrate that the use of transchromosomic cloned pigs permitted a straightforward estimation of the efficacy of the DYS-HAC carried in affected tissues/organs in a large-animal disease model, providing novel insights into the therapeutic application of exogenous mammalian artificial chromosomes.

PMID:37588685 | PMC:PMC10425850 | DOI:10.1016/j.omtn.2023.07.021


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