Phosphazene Functionalized Silsesquioxane-Based Porous Polymer as Thermally Stable and Reusable Catalyst for Bulk Ring-Opening Polymerization of ε-Caprolactone

Polymers (Basel). 2023 Mar 3;15(5):1291. doi: 10.3390/polym15051291.


The bulk ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of ε-caprolactone using phosphazene-containing porous polymeric material (HPCP) has been studied at high reaction temperatures (130-150 °C). HPCP in conjunction with benzyl alcohol as an initiator induced the living ROP of ε-caprolactone, affording polyesters with a controlled molecular weight up to 6000 g mol-1 and moderate polydispersity (Ð~1.5) under optimized conditions ([BnOH]/[CL] = 50; HPCP: 0.63 mM; 150 °C). Poly(ε-caprolactone)s with higher molecular weight (up to Mn = 14,000 g mol-1, Ð~1.9) were obtained at a lower temperature, at 130 °C. Due to its high thermal and chemical stability, HPCP can be reused for at least three consecutive cycles without a significant decrease in the catalyst efficiency. The tentative mechanism of the HPCP-catalyzed ROP of ε-caprolactone, the key stage of which consists of the activation of the initiator through the basic sites of the catalyst, was proposed.

PMID:36904533 | PMC:PMC10007598 | DOI:10.3390/polym15051291


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