Photocatalytic degradation of bisphenol a from aqueous solution using bismuth ferric magnetic nanoparticle: synthesis, characterization and response surface methodology-central composite design modeling

J Environ Health Sci Eng. 2022 Jun 24;20(2):617-628. doi: 10.1007/s40201-021-00762-2. eCollection 2022 Dec.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Bisphenol A (BPA), as endocrine-disrupting compound (EDC), is extensively used as an important chemical in the synthesis of polycarbonate polymers and epoxy resins. BPA absorption into the body can result in the development of metabolic disorders such as low sex-specific neurodevelopment, immune toxicity, neurotoxicity and interference of cellular pathway. Therefore, the presence of BPA in the body and the environment can create hazards that must reach standards before being discharged into the environment.

METHODS: In this study, bismuth ferric nanomagnetic (BFO NMPs) were successfully synthesized via sol-gel method and developed as photocatalysts for BPA removal under visible light irradiation. FE-SEM, TEM, PL, XRD, UV-Vis DRS, VSM, EDX, and FTIR were used to characterize the BFO NMPs.

RESULTS: RSM model (R2 = 0.9745) showed a good correlation between experimental and predicted removal efficiency of BPA. The investigation of four independent variables indicated that pH had the most significant positive effect on the degradation of BPA. Under optimal conditions (pH = 4.042, catalyst dose = 7.617 mg, contact time = 122.742 min and BPA concentration = 15.065 mg/L), maximum degradation was calculated to be 98.7%. After five recycles, the removal of BPA remained >82%, which indicated the proper ability to reuse the catalyst.

CONCLUSION: In conclusion, it can be stated like BPA, the prepared BFO NMPs is a promising photocatalyst for practical application in organic pollutant decomposition.

PMID:36406610 | PMC:PMC9672235 | DOI:10.1007/s40201-021-00762-2

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