Population biology of Ellochelon vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam

PeerJ. 2023 Feb 21;11:e14901. doi: 10.7717/peerj.14901. eCollection 2023.


Ellochelon vaigiensis is widely distributed and plays a vital role in the fisheries in the Mekong Delta (MD), but data on its population biological traits have not been known. Consequently, this study was conducted to provide data on its population biology used for fishing status assessment and fish resources management. Fish specimens were collected using trawl nets in two regions of the Hau River mouth, including northern in Ben Tre and Tra Vinh (BTTV) and southern in Soc Trang and Bac Lieu (STBL). Fish population biological parameters were estimated using FiSAT II software based on the fish length-frequency data. The male and female length-frequency data in each ecoregion were pooled together. Data analysis of 1,383 individual fish showed the sex ratio of the species was 1.00:1.30 at BTTV (309 females and 402 males) and 1.00:1.25 STBL (299 females and 373 males). Most fish specimens were caught at 12-22 cm total length (914 individuals), accounting for 66.09% of the fish collection. The difference in salinity between these two regions could affect the population biological parameters of E. vaigiensis. There were five cohorts (e.g., five growth curves) in the BTTV and STBL. The von Bertalanffy curves of fish populations at BTTV and STBL were L = 33.6 (1 -e -0.46(t + 0.34)) L = 31.5 (1 -e -0.56(t + 0.29)), respectively. The growth index (Φ’) of this species at STBL (2.74) was higher than that at BTTV (2.72), whereas its longevity at BTTV (6.52 yrs) was higher than at STBL (5.36 yrs). The biomass and relative yield parameters, including E 0.1, E 0.5 and E max were 0.358, 0.265 and 0.436 at BTTV; and 0.418, 0.293, and 0.513 at STBL, respectively. The fishing (F), natural (M), and total (Z) mortalities were 0.35/yr, 1.06/yr, and 1.41/yr at BTTV; and 0.55/yr, 1.24/yr, and 1.78/yr at STBL, respectively. The BTTV and STBL population was not overexploited because the exploitation rate (E BTTV = 0.25, E STBL = 0.31) was lower than E 0.1 (0.358 in BTTV and 0.418 in STBL).

PMID:36846463 | PMC:PMC9951797 | DOI:10.7717/peerj.14901


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