Post-COVID-19 syndrome: nature of symptoms and associated factors

Z Gesundh Wiss. 2023 Jan 3:1-6. doi: 10.1007/s10389-022-01802-3. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

AIM: Post-COVID-19 syndrome is defined as continuous symptoms related to SARS-CoV-2 infection, which can persist for several weeks or months. Previous studies identified risk factors associated with post-COVID-19 syndrome, including female sex, hypertension, and allergic respiratory diseases. This study aims to investigate the frequency of this syndrome among Arabic patients.

SUBJECT AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to August 2022. The study included 520 Arabic patients with confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis, who were asked about possible symptoms persisting for ≥28 days.

RESULTS: Twenty-five percent (25%) of the included patients developed post-COVID-19 syndrome. The most common recorded symptoms were cough (32%), anosmia (32%), fatigue (28%), headache (19%), muscle pain (19%), and shortness of breath (17%). It was found that female sex, hospitalization due to initial COVID-19 infection, and the presence of chronic diseases were significant risk factors for developing post-COVID-19 syndrome.

CONCLUSION: The study recorded post-COVID-19 syndrome among 25% of Arabic participants. Initial COVID-19 hospitalization, initial symptomatic COVID-19, and female sex were significant risk factors for developing post-COVID-19 syndrome.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10389-022-01802-3.

PMID:36619479 | PMC:PMC9809515 | DOI:10.1007/s10389-022-01802-3

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