Postsynthetic of MIL-101-NH2 MOFs supported on PVDF membrane for REEs recovery from waste phosphor

RSC Adv. 2022 Aug 31;12(38):24670-24680. doi: 10.1039/d2ra04224j. eCollection 2022 Aug 30.

ABSTRACT

With the increasing demand for rare earth elements (REEs) due to their wide application in high technology, their recovery and separation from waste sources has gradually come onto the agenda. Herein, a new kind of MIL-101-NH2 (M1N) MOF functionalized with diethanol anhydride (DGA) incorporated into a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane (DGA-M1N@PVDF) has been fabricated for the sorption of REEs from a simulated acid leaching solution of waste phosphor, which contains a large amount of REEs. FTIR, TGA, XRD, fluorescence spectra and XPS analysis were used to characterize the synthesized composite membrane. Batch tests were employed to determine the optimal sorption conditions for Y and Eu adsorbed on DGA-M1N@PVDF adsorbent, such as pH (1-5), content of M1N MOFs (0-40 wt%), contact time (10-180 min) and ion concentration (0-20 mg L-1). Maximum adsorption capacities for Y and Eu on DGA-M1N@PVDF reached 991.7 μg g-1 and 98.76 μg g-1 for trace REE solution, respectively. Moreover, a pseudo-second-order kinetic model accurately described the sorption process, and the plotted isothermal data indicated that the Langmuir model was more suitable than the Freundlich model for Y and Eu sorption with monolayer and chemical adsorption. Meanwhile, FTIR and XPS analyses revealed that the Y and Eu adsorption on the DGA-M1N@PVDF composite membrane was mainly caused by the N and O atoms of the -CONH or -COOH groups coordinated with metal ions. Furthermore, after five cycles, the recovery efficiency by DGA-M1N@PVDF for REEs remains above 82% and the XRD patterns were consistent with the original sample, which implied that the DGA-M1N@PVDF membrane has preferable stability, recyclability and good efficiency in REE separation from waste phosphor solutions.

PMID:36128373 | PMC:PMC9428899 | DOI:10.1039/d2ra04224j

Share:

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Generated by Feedzy