Microbes Environ. 2023;38(3). doi: 10.1264/jsme2.ME23040.
Modifying the duckweed microbiome is a major challenge for enhancing the effectiveness of duckweed-based wastewater treatment and biomass production technologies. We herein examined the potential of the exogenous introduction of predatory bacteria to change the duckweed microbiome. Bacteriovorax sp. HI3, a model predatory bacterium, colonized the core of the Lemna microbiome, and its predatory behavior changed the microbiome structure, which correlated with colonization density. These results reveal that bacterial predatory interactions may be important drivers that shape the duckweed microbiome, suggesting their potential usefulness in modifying the microbiome.