Preparation and characterization of indoor heat blockage panel composites made of polyurethane-hybrid-foam-concrete and rice-husk-ash

Heliyon. 2023 Aug 3;9(8):e18925. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e18925. eCollection 2023 Aug.


The preferable properties of indoor heat blockage material for tropical environments are blocking outside heat without absorbing and storing it inside the blockage material, therefore studying the component and the composite properties are crucial. This study, therefore, aims to prepare and characterize a new hybrid foam concrete based on Rice Husk Ash (RHA) composite panels as an indoor building material called Hybrid Foam Panel (HFP). Polyurethane made of the combination of blended polyol (catalyst and surfactant) and diphenylmethane-4,4′-diisocyanate with a constant proportion was used as a matrix, while white Portland cement and RHA with various compositions were used as fillers. The formation of polyurethane foam and related chemical reactions are confirmed and RHA in HFP composition gave significant roles in composite properties. HFP made with the right constituent composition caused much lower thermal conductivity (down to 0.22 W/mK) than the control, blocked the IR radiation heat, and it has moderate compressive strength. HFP with RHA content in consolidated parameters shows a compressive strength of 7.25-12.37 MPa; densities of 1216-1351 kg/m3 and a porosity of 62%. HFP also stands for heat at least 300 °C, thereby it is a potential interior solar heat blockade, especially in the tropical region.

PMID:37593610 | PMC:PMC10428050 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e18925


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