Nanomaterials (Basel). 2023 Jan 2;13(1):202. doi: 10.3390/nano13010202.
The excessively leached metal ions from traditional metallic antimicrobial nanoparticles are harmful to biological and human tissues. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) coordinating bioactive metal ions to organic bridging ligands can potentially address this issue, avoiding the excessive leaching of metal ions and simultaneously exhibiting high effective antibacterial activities. Here, we report the preparation of a 2-dimensional leaves-like zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-L) for potential antibacterial and anti-algae applications. The ZIF-L nanosheet exhibits complete inactivation of Escherichia coli (phosphate buffer saline: 4 h) and Bacillus subtilis (seawater: 0.5 h). The ZIF-L/epoxy composite has excellent antibacterial effect, poisoning effect and anti-adhesion effect on a variety of marine algae. It is worth noting that the removal rate (Escherichia coli) for ZIF/epoxy composite can be reached to 90.20% by only adding ZIF-L (0.25 wt%). This work will inspire researchers to develop more metal-organic frameworks materials for applications in the antibacterial and anti-algae fields.